Mauritius

April 24, 2012

The Exploration of our Exclusive Economic Zone

According to the Law of the Sea, an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is a maritime area over which a coastal state has sovereign rights for exploration and use of resources. It extends from the outer limit of the territorial sea state up to 200 nautical miles from its coasts to the fullest.

The term is sometimes loosely applied also to the territorial waters and possible extensions of the continental shelf beyond the 200 nautical miles. The land area of Mauritius, by including Rodrigues, barely reaches the 2,000 km2, but with small islands dependent, the sovereignty of the Republic of Mauritius extends far beyond its shores.Mauritius's EEZ extends to and Agalega and St. Brandon. 

The fishing grounds in Sudan, Nazareth and Saya de Malha north of Mauritius, are administered from Port Louis. Thanks to the co-management agreement signed with France on 7 June 2010, the fishery resources of the island of Tromelin and its surrounding marine area can be exploited by Maurice. The country has an EEZ and about 2.3 million km2, including 396 000 km2 additional funds paid by the United Nations, and jointly managed with Seychelles. Here is an analysis of our EEZ. 

Agreement Seychelles-Mauritius - 1,396,000 km2 of additional economic zone 

Following the visit of James Michel, President of Seychelles, Mauritius, for the celebration of Independence in March, two agreements were signed under the jurisdiction and management of 396 000 km2 of additional exclusive economic zone of Mauritius. Both countries will have access to fishing areas as well as additional resources in strategic areas of development cooperation and economic understanding. This agreement follows the joint submission Mauritius-Seychelles, in December 2008, a request for additional extension of their exclusive economic zone of 200 nautical miles in the region of the Mascarene United Nations Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS). 

The EU ready to help Mauritius

Questioned by the Challenge Plus, the European Union (EU) said to be very "attentive" to the programs of the Government of Mauritius. Our main objective is to align the EU support to government programs that have been approved by the National Assembly. This is why about 95% of development aid the EU in Mauritius is in the form of budget support in general. It is therefore possible for the EU to support the project of the ocean economy. " 

The Indian Ocean French or ocean?

India has an EEZ of a total area of nearly 2.5 million km2 divided into an area of over 1.5 million km2 for the mainland, and an area of 663 629 km2 for the Andaman Islands. India, regional demographic and military giant, is by far the state has the most in this geopolitical space, what the Indian Ocean. It does also not hesitate to assert that position, as evidenced by its policy of naval presence and regional influence. Strategically, India provides the function of protecting oil zones by active naval presence. But this protection is also vital to the Great Peninsula because 90% of foreign trade of India by sea. New Delhi also offers the ability to respond to governments that wish. 

It supervises, controls and secures and the surrounding maritime areas, giving it a strategic position, economically and politically privileged. France, its overseas departments and local authorities scattered throughout the oceans of the planet, has the second largest EEZ in the world, with over 11 million km2. The EEZ of France covers approximately 8% of the surface of all the EEZs of the world. To consolidate its position in the Indian Ocean and regain a maritime area it once had, Mayotte became the 101st French department. With Reunion, Mayotte and Juan de Nova, Mauritius is almost surrounded by French possessions. Moreover, the country has signed with France co-management of Tromelin Island. 

The Indian Ocean, playground International Ship 

Monitoring our EEZ is provided by the NCG, which has an average of three logistics ships and three planes, said the Ministry of Fisheries. With the Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) system connected to two 'working stations' in the vicinity of a port, Les Salines, and the second at the airport, the authorities are informed of the movements in our waters. The boats that enter must be equipped with a transponder, which allows supervisors to know their position in Mauritius.  noted that international ships patrolling the Indian Ocean area are numerous. According to Lee Adamson, director of communications for the International Maritime Organization, since 2009, patrol officers from Australia, Canada, China, Denmark, Germany, France, Greece, India, Iran, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, the Netherlands, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Russia, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, of Great Britain and the United States, have sailed the waters of the Indian Ocean. "

Maritime Zones Act 

According to the Maritime Zones Act and in accordance with Article 56 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), the Mauritius in the EEZ sovereign rights to explore, exploit , conserve and manage natural resources, whether living or nonliving. Mauritius has the same powers for the economic exploitation and exploration of the EEZ, such as power generation from water, currents and winds. It is the same for the establishment and use of artificial islands, marine scientific research and the protection and preservation of the marine environment, among others. Mauritius PM has the power to authorize persons to explore natural resources in the EEZ, to establish systems of pipe or cable, or drill, among others.

 

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