Based on the cost of 2 million euros per year to be paid by the EU for this operation, Ashok Subron, spokesman for the coalition, said that "Mauritius is trying to sell tuna Rs 2.28 the pound to the EU, while the Mauritian consumer buys Rs 100 the pound at the supermarket. This amounts to a fire sale of our resources. "
Coalition numerous initiatives in order to claim the freezing of agreement between the Government and the European Union allowing it to exploit the country's resources. She wants to enjoy the presence of environmental activists Greenpeace in Mauritius to know the status of marine resources in our Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
The campaign against the fishing agreement with the European Union (EU) has grown with the arrival of SY Rainbow Warrior Greenpeace last week. "The fishing industry goes through a serious crisis and instead of finding solutions, the government signed an agreement with the EU to exploit our resources." It is in these terms Ashok Subron describes what he sees as an "aberration". Statistics Mauritius figures to support it shows that the stock of fish in our EEZ declined significantly in recent years. What he sees as a "terrible degradation." According to these figures, in 2002, the production of fish outside the lagoon, mainly tuna, was 7021 tons. In 2010, it rose to 2822 tons.
On the other hand, the total fish production for the first six months of 2012 compared to the same period last year shows a decrease of 28.8%. Coastal fishing in particular has it, fell by 15.7%. "In parallel, there has been a drastic increase in the price of fish on the local market."
The coalition calls and freezing of the fisheries agreement with the EU. It also reiterates its request for the establishment of an Audit Committee Maritime emergency, to make assessment of our marine resources.
Selling fresh fish - Through FIT, fishermen and consumers beneficiaries
Can we spend banyan? In any case, the objective concept of 'Value Chain', introduced by the 'Fishermen Investment Trust (FIT) in two old docks, including Grand Baie and Tamarin. This practice is to provide consumers with value-added fish.
These production centers, as stated in the Chief Executive Officer of FIT, allow sinners to turn their fish nets, chipped or even packed.
Under current practice, the banyan expect that fishermen land their fish to buy them and then sell them on the market in one day. They took advantage of the inaccessibility of fish storage facilities, with the added bonus of prices inflated by the intervention of intermediaries. These are consumers who casquaient for higher prices by banyan trees. With the establishment of these centers, fishermen will be able to sell their own fish.
In these centers, fishermen are able to store their catch in freezers or transform according to consumer demand. The selling price of these fish frozen or processed are determined by fishermen's cooperatives, taking into account the added value.
The initiative came from the FIT, cooperatives of fishermen as well as the private sector. It aims to redirect maritime professionals who have a hard time living from their craft. In parallel, then it becomes difficult to find fish in the lagoon, FIT implements aquaculture units. Two projects have already been set up, one in Grand Gaube and the other in Trou d'Eau Douce.
It should be noted that the FIT initiative, which should benefit fishermen and consumers, had been the subject of protest or reservation of the fishermen themselves. The fish farming is not, according to environmentalists, with no impact to the environment and especially for their fellow freedom. "It takes an average of 4 kg of wild fish to produce one kilogram of farmed fish," says an expert who works on feeding carnivorous fish farming.
To avoid decimate small fish to feed large, alternatives are being developed. It became more economical to replace the flour with vegetable proteins, soy or sunflower imported from Brazil. But the pressure will be transferred to arable land already occupied for the production of cereals to livestock ...
Can we avoid fish farming?
According to the latest report from the FAO (United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization), two fish consumed in the world comes from the farm, which is not without impact on the environment. Production booming and growing demand: aquaculture could emerge as one of the solutions to provide protein to 7 billion people, while avoiding to get rid of wild fish species affected by overfishing.
Fish reared in cages accounted in 2008 for 45.6% of world consumption, with 52.5 million tonnes produced in the world, 20 million more than in 2000. China alone accounts for 62.3% of world production of fish and shellfish, with nearly 33 000 tonnes of carp, eels, freshwater shrimp or crabs were reared in ponds Chinese in 2008.
According to environmentalists, the farms at sea produce large quantities of waste, food scraps or fish excrement and drugs, and may be responsible for the proliferation of viruses or parasites. In practice, the farms have between 10 and 25 kg per m3 of animals on average. The location of cages is essential to their health: good oxygenation and clean natural water can not be provided by ocean currents.
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