The Prime Minister, Dr Navin Ramgoolam, juggled political speeches, reports and projects in his message to Mauritians on the occasion of New Year. For 2013, the Chief Minister announced that Mauritius will be "a great site" with road projects, the construction of a new terminal and a new university. He pointed out that the project has started light-metro and acknowledged that "there enn delo problem."
In this context, he announced that the Singapore report on drinking water is ready and that the recommendations will be implemented, "according to a timetable." The Prime Minister welcomed the fact that "the crime rate is down" and promised more resources to modernize police services, before confirming the penalty points will be introduced.
In turn, for this new year, the President of the Republic, Kailash Purryag, announces that it will put more emphasis on the "consolidation of national unity." He believes that it is the harmony between the different communities that allows the development of our country since Independence. "All foreigners are amazed by the harmony in our country," the President emphasized. Another point on which dwelt Kailash Purryag: the fight against poverty. "Poverty is not a fatality," he said. He also recalled the measures implemented by both the government and the private sector to fight poverty, this new year. "With confidence, we can break the cycle of poverty," he said.
Labour laws: amendments or not?
Besides the Prime Minister and the President of the Republic, several actors have a major role to play on the national scene in 2013. Firstly, Ashok Subron, which militates against the amendments to the labor laws. The moderator of the General Workers' Federation (GWF) and Rezistans ek Alternativ is critical of amendments to labor laws proposed by the Minister Shakeel Mohamed. According to him, this is a "big gift poisoned."
The proposed amendments to both labor laws raise the "revolt" of unionists. By Ashok Subron consider "all possible means" to prevent a possible vote in the National Assembly in September. It calls for the withdrawal of these two documents. "There is no question that these two bills are voted filed. We'll have to pass on the body, "he said. The protest union is composed of members of the GWF, the Joint Negotiating Panel (JNP), the sugar industry and the Federation of United Workers (FTU).
The year 2013 will, once again, fighting hard the Chief Inspector Hector hose against high-ranking officers. He claims a union at all costs of the police force. "Since 2012, I will fight again. Article 17 of the 'Police Act' goes against the terms of the Constitution, the Employment Relations Act, the rules of equal opportunities and appears to be contrary to the conventions of the International Labour Office (ILO ) which Mauritius is a signatory, "he says. CI Pipe and Sergeant Hector Jaylall Boojhawon believe that the police should be considered as well as prison guards and firefighters.
For the president of the Olympic Committee Mauritius (OCM), the battle is far from over. Philippe Voon Hao Thyn hope finally in 2013, the Sports Act will be amended to eliminate any conflict within federations. According to him, the evil at the federation level is at the "Sports Act, which is not in accordance with the internal laws of the federation. For example, how do we explain the fact that some federations operate without regional committees? It is the department to enforce the law and not to adopt a policy of two weights, two measures.
Solve the problem of water to avoid disaster
The Prime Minister pointed out in his post on 1 January. The government is aware of the "hassle compared to water problems," take the bull by the horns this year. In 2013, several important works should also continue to improve the water supply. Last year, work amounting to some Rs 500 million have been made to Camp Fouquereaux / Alma, Ida-Quartier-Militaire/Mont The Unit, Plaine-des-Papayes/Triolet and Pierrefonds.
Other work in progress Balisson, and Beemanique Riche-en-Eau/Ferney, amounting to some Rs 200 million, will be completed by August 2013. Such work should improve the water supply to some 150,000 subscribers CWA. To solve the thorny problem of the water not accounted for (Non-Revenue Water), work pipe replacement will continue. They cover around 1500 kilometers of pipes 10 years.
Electoral reform is still pending
This year, the continuing debate on electoral reform should continue. Moreover, two major developments should also provide guidance that will take things. First, the Supreme Court on Tuesday, the State must make its position regarding the "constitutional challenge", carried by Rezistans ek Alternativ, concerning the rejection of several candidates in the general elections of 2010. And secondly, the Mauritian government has less than two months to take the necessary measures according to the "Optional Protocol" Mauritius has signed under the 'Civil and Political Covenant, UN.
On 31 October 2012, the Human Rights Committee of the United Nations gave to succeed Rezistans ek Alternativ, who had challenged the classification of ethnic and religious candidates. Which is closely related to 'Best Loser System'. A period of six months was granted to the Mauritian government to take the necessary measures. Michel crumpled member Rezistans ek Alternativ, proposes three amendments to the Constitution: "We ask three amendments to electoral reform where we will include the elimination of all forms of communalism in the Constitution. Then the introduction of the term "secular" in the Constitution and finally the introduction into our Constitution, conventions recommended by the United Nations Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. '
The hard struggle against unemployment
The unemployment rate rose slightly. It rises 8% in 2012 against 7.9% in 2011, according to Statistics Mauritius. There are to date 47 100 unemployed in the country, 20,500 were aged under 25 years. A number that is expected to increase in 2013, even though the Mauritius Employers Federation (MEF) does not "mass layoffs." If the 2013 budget includes a series of measures to make the unemployed "employable", the battle is not yet won.
Especially in this time of crisis, companies are reluctant to hire people and create new jobs. For Jane Ragoo, president of the Confederation of Private Sector Workers (CTSP), "the number of new jobs that are created, especially in the Free Zone, are value-added jobs, upscale. "In addition, she says that many women do not have the know-how and lose their jobs. She says, "having recourse to foreign workers makes things worse. Foreigners are willing to work at night. They come alone and, therefore, have no family obligation. '
The implementation of the Utility Regulatory Authority
The main development of the energy sector this year will probably be the establishment of a Utility Regulatory Authority (URA). It will remove some powers to the Central Electricity Board (CEB), the role of judge and jury has often been criticized. The URA will be responsible for set electricity rates for the general public, but also the rates of CEB power purchase from independent producers. This new entity will also have decision-making authority on all matters related to renewable energy.
In 2013, there should be more advanced on CT Power project, stalled on the start line for more than five years. This year will be decisive for this project very controversial coal plant in Pointe-aux-Caves, Albion.
The return of inflation
Inflation occupy the forefront of the economic scene this year. To the Governor of the Bank of Mauritius and some economists, inflation will resume the bull by the horns due to several factors: the payment of PRB in January, the depreciation of the rupee, the cascade of increases in food prices The threat of rising gasoline prices and diesel price increases in the last Budget (prices of cigarettes, soft drinks and alcoholic syrup ...).
The Economist Eric Ng argues that the return of the inflation was expected. "If in 2012, inflation declined by cons this year will, is expected to increase. This is due to the depreciation of the rupee and the food crisis on the international market. In 2013, the increase in fuel prices is inevitable. PRB also with the trend increase. If the Bank of Mauritius already ahead inflation rate to 5.7%, I argue that the bar is below 5%, "he says.
The highly anticipated trial
They are many trials that are followed with particular attention by Mauritians. While some have already begun to court, others will be in 2013. Among the defendants, there are politicians, lawyers, former ministers, high officials of the private sector, government and business.
Like two businessmen, Rohit and Auckle Rooplall Beerjeraz, the former CEO of DBM, Benyram Chooramun, prosecuted for abuse; businessman Raffick Peermamode is awaiting a decision Intermediate Court in Case Bel Air Sugar Estate, the trial of Ajay Gunness, former Minister of Public Infrastructure, or that of Dhaneswar Soobrah, former Director General of the Development Works Corporation (DWC). They are prosecuted before the Intermediate Court. Then there is the case Showkutally Soodhun, the murder of Denis Fine, if the magistrate Beeharry and Mary Linley Savriacooty for misrepresentation, among others ... trial Faces chronic always!
This the public thinks ...
Juanita Marie, 33, Curepipe ":" Living in harmony "
She wants a perfect harmony in the Mauritian society. "For this new year, I pray that Mauritians should show more morality and engage in spirituality so that we can live in perfect harmony. '
Ameera Peer, 24 years, L'Escalier: "Reducing the number of accidents"
This resident of the South is expected that all Mauritians have access to a better quality of life. "It is really hard to cope with the cost of life continues to climb. I also hope that we do not know many road accidents this year compared with last year. '
Rajcoomar Anand, 40, Fond du Sac: "Stop with the false promises"
He hopes more purchasing power and less false promises. "Everything becomes too expensive and the middle class can no longer keep their heads above water. Many Mauritians need financial stability and I hope that politicians will not make false promises and they make decisions in order to lighten our burden. Unemployment is gaining ground and the fight against poverty will be a new challenge for the country this year. '
Mahendra Ramsamy, 14, Rose Hill: "Having the tablet as promised"
"I hope the government will keep its promise by providing a touchpad that will help us in our studies. This will open up opportunities for digital learning. It will facilitate access to a mountain of information stored online and will allow us to conduct research and develop our abilities. '
David T., 21, Plaines Wilhems, "Drop the price of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages"
In 2013, David wants job creation. In another register, he wants to lower the price of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages. "To avoid unemployment, the government must create more jobs. This can be done with innovations, new strategies and encouraging companies to hire. But I also want the downward revision in the price of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages for this year and the Minister of Finance does not increase prices. '