Typhoon Koppu began its multiday battering of the region over the weekend, killing at least two people, injuring five others and driving tens of thousands of residents from their homes.
The fierce storm has been lumbering around the country's main island of Luzon at an excruciatingly slow pace, setting off floods and landslides across the rugged terrain.
The entire town of San Antonio in central Luzon has been engulfed by flood waters, Mayor Antonino Lustre said early Monday, according to CNN affiliate ABS-CBN. Rescuers were unable to reach some areas of the inundated town where residents were stranded on roofs, the broadcaster reported.
Flood waters have wreaked havoc in many other towns elsewhere in Nueva Ecija province, Gov. Aurelio Umali said, according to ABS-CBN.
The storm came ashore in the early hours of Sunday morning at super typhoon strength, ripping the roofs off buildings and uprooting trees in the coastal province of Aurora.
Roads and communications have been cut off by flooding and landslides in three towns in Aurora province, including Casiguran, where the typhoon made landfall, authorities reported.
"Based on the report of the Philippine Army, there were many houses destroyed and trees uprooted in the three towns," the official Philippines News Agency said. The army and other agencies are trying to clear the routes to Casiguran, which has about 25,000 inhabitants, and the other towns, Dinalungan and Dilasag, it reported.
In Baler, another town in Aurora, CNN Philippines reporter Paul Garcia said there was flooding in several neighborhoods. Surprised local residents said that while storms are common in the area, flooding is not, Garcia reported.
The heavily populated region around Manila, the Philippine capital, isn't in Koppu's direct path, but it's still getting lashed with wind and rain.
One of the two people so far reported killed, a 14-year-old boy struck by a falling tree, was in the Manila suburb of Quezon City. The other person killed was a 62-year-old woman hit by a wall that collapsed in Subic, which lies northwest of the capital.
More than 71,000 people were taking shelter in evacuation centers across Luzon as of Monday afternoon, said Mina Marasigan, a spokeswoman for the Philippines' disaster management agency.
That number is expected to rise as the storm, known in the Philippines as Lando, continues to drench northern Luzon.
The storm was packing maximum sustained winds of 240 kph (150 mph) when it slammed into the eastern coast of Luzon, according to the U.S. military's Joint Typhoon Warning Center, although the Philippines' national weather agency measured the winds as being significantly weaker, at 185 kph.
The typhoon has since lost strength as it has moved over Luzon. By Monday morning, it had maximum sustained winds of around 140 kph, according to the U.S. warning center.
But much of the concern about Koppu's impact centers on the extreme amounts of rain it's expected to unleash.
"The big story out of this storm is definitely going to be the rainfall totals," said CNN meteorologist Allison Chinchar. Some areas are forecast to receive more than 1 meter (39 inches) of rain by the end of Wednesday.
The typhoon is predicted to dawdle across northern Luzon for several days because of a ridge of high pressure over China blocking its progress farther north. That gives it longer than usual to soak the region's mountains and swell its rivers, threatening people who live downhill and downstream.
"That's where the problem with the flash flooding comes in, because when you have all of this rain that keeps coming down over the same places over and over, that is likely to trigger mudslides and landslides in addition to flash flooding problems in ... some of the low-lying areas," Chinchar said.
Officials reported dozens of flight cancellations, thousands of people stranded in ports and many municipalities without power.
Situated in the Western Pacific, the Philippines is frequently hit by typhoons.
"They're located in the belt basically between the equator and the subtropics. You might consider it the bowling alley for typhoons moving across the Pacific," said Bob Henson, a weather and climate science blogger for Weather Underground.
"It's considered to be the most vulnerable large nation on earth for tropical cyclones," he said.
The deadliest storm to hit the country in recent years was super Typhoon Haiyan, which left more than 7,000 people dead or missing in November 2013.
Haiyan, one of the strongest storms ever to make landfall, was a different beast from Koppu, however. It generated a devastating storm surge that flattened entire neighborhoods in the densely populated coastal city of Tacloban before moving quickly over other areas of the central Philippines.
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