Import Bill of Petroleum and Coal: 25% Increase in 2011

10 years, 2 months ago - June 15, 2012
The import bill of petroleum and coal in Mauritius increased by 25.3% in 2011 from Rs 24.721 billion to Rs 30.974 billion, according to Statistics Mauritius has released statistics on water and energy for 2011, Wednesday.

This bill was about 21% of the total import bill of the country in 2011, against 18% in 2010.

Imports of petroleum products increased 7.1% from 1091 Ktep in 2010 to 1168 Ktep in 2011. Coal imports have remained stable in 2011, averaging 409 Ktep.

Energy demand in Mauritius has not stopped growing. In 2011, some 1577 kilotons (Ktep) of energy as oil and coal were imported from Mauritius. In 2010, 1,500 Ktep of petroleum products and coal were imported. This represents an increase of 5.1%. But the quantity effect does not explain alone the increase in the import bill for energy. We must also take into account the price effect. 

The trend is a marked increase in import prices of all energy sources over the past ten years. The import price of oil, for example, has increased steadily between 2002 and 2011, from Rs 5,117 per tonne in 2002 to Rs 10,945 in 2006 and Rs 18,450 in 2011, registering an average increase of 26% year. 

The same trend was observed for the price of 'Dual Purpose Kerosene'. Prices' Gasolene 'and' diesel oil have increased by 33% and 29% per year on average, over the past decade. Coal prices rose more modestly from Rs 1,098 per tonne in 2002 to Rs 4001 per tonne in 2011. The price per tonne of LPG increased from Rs 9,521 in 2002 to Rs 21,211 in 2006 and to Rs 28,561 in 2011. 

By combining the price effect and effect-quantity, it is clear that the import bill undergoes a constant mark each year. 

Energy Supply and Demand T

he supply of energy, imported and locally produced, was estimated at 1.426 thousand tons in 2011, down slightly from a year Previous. Each resident has an energy requirement of about 1.11 tonnes of oil equivalent in 2011. Energy demand of the country was 862 270 tonnes of oil equivalent in 2011, up 1% from the previous year. 

Increased dependence on imported sources 

According to statistics, Mauritius is dependent on oil imports and coal. In 2011, 83.8% of primary energy needs of Mauritius have been satisfied by imports of oil and coal. Local sources, which are all renewable energy sources, that is to say, hydropower, wind power, the 'landfill gas', bagasse and wood fuel accounted for 16.2%, be 231 kilotonnes of oil equivalent (Ktep) in 2011. 

Bagasse, the local renewable largest From August 2011, Maurice meets part of its electricity demand from the 'landfill gas'. The main local source of energy remains the bagasse, which represents approximately 95% of local sources to produce electricity. Bagasse is an important renewable energy source for Maurice. 

Energy production from renewable sources, however, decreased by 4.5% in 2011, from 242 Ktep in 2010 to 231 Ktep in 2011. This is a decrease of 42.7% of the production of hydro-electricity that would be responsible, says Statistics Mauritius.Production of electricity from bagasse has also declined in 2011. 

Improved energy efficiency rated 

Mauritius Statistics reports an improvement in energy efficiency in Mauritius. The energy intensity'' 'indicator measuring energy efficiency and defined as primary energy needs for every Rs 100,000 of GDP in Mauritius, has in fact declined from 1.46 in 2010 to 1.40 in 2011. 

In 2011, 2,730 GWatt of electricity were produced in Mauritius against 2,689 GWatt in 2010. 59% of this electricity is produced by independent producers, or IPPs called Independent Power Producers'.

Text by Le Matinal

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