World | Asia

November 07, 2013

India Races To Space With a Mission to Mars

India launched its first unmanned mission to Mars on Tuesday as it tries to join a select group of countries that have managed to land spacecraft on the Red Planet.

As the rocket sped off towards space from Sriharikota, a small island near Chennai in the southern part of the country, it was a huge boost for the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), which started in the 1960s with a local church as its main office, a converted bishop’s house as its workshop and a cowshed as its laboratory. The organization launched India’s first rocket from the middle of a coconut plantation in the southern state of Kerala in 1963.

Tuesday’s launch is just the first stage of Mangalyaan, as the mission has been named. The 1,350-kilogram orbiter will travel 780 million kilometers before reaching the Red Planet in September next year. “The biggest challenge will be precisely navigating the space craft to Mars,” K. Radhakrishnan, chairman of the Indian space agency, told the AP. “We will know if we pass our examination on Sept. 24, 2014.”

If it succeeds in reaching the surface, the Mars vehicle will probe the Red Planet for signs of life and test equipment for deep-space travel. India’s Prime Minister Manmohan Singh called Mangalyaan a huge step for India in the area of science and technology when he announced the mission from the parapets of the historic Red Fort – the seat of Mughal power – during his Independence Day speech in 2012.

India’s Mars mission took fifteen months to complete at a cost of $74 million, the cheapest Mars mission yet attempted. According to a tally by the United States’ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), there have been 40 missions to Mars by the U.S., Russia and the European Union, of which 18 succeeded. China attempted to send a space probe to Mars in 2011, but the craft failed to exit Earth’s orbit. “At least by NASA’s standards, the total mission cost is very low,” David Paige, professor of Planetary Science at the University of California, Los Angeles told TIME. “If India can be successful with this mission, it will open up new opportunities for more frequent low-cost Mars missions.”

One of NASA’s upcoming missions, MAVEN, which will be launched later this month, took five years and $679 million to build, a stark contrast with Mangalyaan in terms of time and money. “The global community is really excited about the low cost of this mission as nobody has billions of dollars lying around for planetary exploration,” says Pallava Bagla science editor at Indian television channel NDTV and author of Destination Moon: India’s Quest for Moon, Mars and Beyond.

India’s space program has always been something of a trailblazer despite its limited resources. The program has focused on what has been called people-centric applications. Its first step towards planetary exploration came only in 2008, when it sent an $89 million mission to the moon.

But critics have argued against the Mars mission, insisting that India should instead be diverting the millions towards social programs. Jean Drèze, a Belgian development economist, told the Financial Times last year, “I don’t understand the importance of India sending a space mission to Mars when half of its children are undernourished and half of all Indian families have no access to sanitation.”

Supporters counter that all Indians will ultimately benefit from the technological advances space exploration could produce.  “The technology developed from such cutting-edge space exploration will ultimately trickle down to benefit the common man,” says Radhakrishnan.

Perhaps the best example of that so far may be how the country prepared for Cyclone Phailin, a powerful tropical storm that struck India in October. High-tech satellites and Doppler Radars along the coast of the Bay of Bengal gave early warnings, allowing for the evacuation of hundreds of thousands of people from low-lying areas. Less than 50 were reported killed by Phailin, while similar storms in the past wreaked unimaginable devastation. In 1999, the cyclone Orissa killed more than 10,000 people.

 “Having a state-of-the art fleet of Earth-observation and telecommunication satellites for a subcontinent like India is a necessity, not a luxury,” says Susmita Mohanty, CEO of Earth2orbit, India’s first private space start-up. “As a nation, not only should we ensure food, shelter, education, jobs, healthcare and good public transport for our masses, but also give them a reason to dream, to dare, to explore, to reach for the stars.”

 

Text by Time
 

Tags Cloud

20102011Absa Bankaccaaccidentaccidentsadministration volontaireADSUadvertisingafghanistanAfrAsiaafricaagalegaagreementagricultureagroAHRIMAIairair asiaair australAir Franceair madagascarair mauritiusairasiaAirlinesairportairway coffeeAlbionalgeriaalibabaalteoAlvaro SobrinhoamazonAmeenah Gurib-FakimAMLandroidangolaAnil BachooApollo Bramwellappappleappointmentsappsaquaculturearab townarrestArtArvin BoolellasiaATMATOauditaudit reportaustraliaaustriaaviationawardawardsAxcel ChenneyBABagatelleBagatelle DamBAIBalaclavaBangladeshbankBank OnebankingbanksBar CouncilbarclaysBDObeachbeachesBeau Bassin-Rose HillbeautybeerBelgiumBelle-MareBelle-RiveBet365betamaxbettingBharat Telecombig databitcoinblue economyBlue-BayBOIboko haramBollywoodBOMbombingbookbookmakerbooksbossBotswanabpmlBPOBramer BankbrazilbrexitBritish AirwaysbudgetbuildingbusesBusinessbusiness trendsCabinetcall centresCanadacanecareercareer tipscargocarnivalcasinoCaudanCCIDCCMCCTVCEBcelebretiescelebritiescementChagoscharityCharlie HebdoCHCchilechinachromeCIELcigarettesCim FinancecinemaclashesCMTcomoroscompetitionconcertconferenceConfinementCongoconstitutional amendmentconstructioncontestcontestscontractcooperationCoronaviruscorruptioncounterfeitcoupCourtCourtscouvre-feuCOVID-19CPBCPEcreativitycreditscreolecrisiscruise shipcruise shipsCSOCT PowerCultureCurepipecustomercustomerscustomsCVCWAcyclingcyclonedamDawood RawatdayDBMdeficitdenguedeportationdevelopmentDiego GarciadivalidoctorsdodoDomaine les PaillesDonald TrumpDPPdrug traffickingdrugsDTAADubaiDuty Freee-commercee-servicesearthquakeebeneebolaecoécolesecologyeconomicEconomic Development BoardeconomicseconomyEducationeducation abroadeducation reformEEZEgyptEIILMelectionelectionselectoral reformelectricityelon muskembassyEmiratesemirates airlinesEmtelenergyENLentrepreneurshipEnvironmentEOCEUEuroEuropeeventeventsexamexaminationexamsexpoexportfacebookfairFalcqfarmersfarmingfashionfast foodfbiFDIfeefeesferryfestivalFievre AphteuseFIFAFIFA World CupFilm Rebate SchemefilmingfilmsfinancefinancesfinancingFirefishfishingFIUFlacqFlic-en-FlacfloodFloodsflourfonction publiquefoodFootballforecastforeign workersForumFrancefraudfruitfruitsFSCFTAfuelfunnyGAARgabongadgetsgalaxygalaxy notegamblinggame of thronesgamesgasgazaGDPGermanyghanaGlobal BusinessgolfGoodlandsgoogleGorah Issac casegovernmentGRAGrand Baygrand-baieGrand-BassinGrand-Gaubegreecegreengreen energygrippeGTUH1N1hackershajjhamashappinessHawaiihawkershealthhealthcareHeritage Cityhi-techhigher educationhighlandshistoryHolcimholidaysHong Konghorse raceshorse racingHospitalhotelhotel businesshotelshowhow toHRHRDCHSBCHSCHSC ProhtchungaryhuntingHusein Abdool RahimIBAIBLICACICTICTAID cardiframacillegal fishingillegal migrationillegal workersIMFimportindiaIndian OceanIndian Ocean Island GamesIndonesiainflationinfluenzaInfographicsinfrastructureinnovationinnovationsinsuranceinterest rateinternetinterpolInterviewinterview tipsinvestinginvestmentinvestmentsIOCIORECiosiPadiphoneIPOiraniraqirelandIRSISISislamicisraelITItalyjapanJean-Claude Bastos de MoraisJellyfishJewelleryJin FeiJIOIjobjobsjockeyjournalismJulian AssangeKailash TrilochunKenyakitesurfingKPMGkreolla buttelabourLafargelandlandslideLarsen & ToubrolawlawslayoffsLe MorneleadershipleakLepeplexpressliberiaLibyalifeloanloanslocal governmentLockdownlogisticslondonlotteryLottotechLRTLufthansalycheeMadagascarmade in morisMahebourgmalariamalaysiamalaysia airlinesMaldivesMalimallmanagementmanagement tipsmanufacturingmarketmarketingmarketsMauBankMauritiansmauritiusMBCMCBMCCIMDFPMeatmeccamediaMedical CouncilMedical tourismmedicamentsmedicineMedineMedPointmeetingMEFMegh PillayMESMeteoMetro ExpressMEXAmexicoMFAMGIMHCmichaela harte caseMicrosoftMIDMidlandsMIEmigrationmigration crisisminimum salaryminimum wagemiss mauritiusmistakesMITDmlMMMmobilemobile phonesMokamoneymoney launderingmonkeyMont-ChoisyMoody’sMoroccomotivationmoviesMozambiqueMPAMPCMPCBMPLMQAMRAMSBMSCMSMMTMTCMTPAMusicMV BenitaNad SivaramenNaïadeNamibiaNandanee SoornackNarendra ModinasanatureNavin RamgoolamNavind KistnahNCBNCGNDUNECnefNegative Income TaxNelson MandelaNeotownNepalnetherlandsnetworkingNew Mauritius Hotelsnew zealandNGONHDCNICNICHLNigerianight clubsNitin Chinien caseNobel Prizenokianorth koreaNRBNTANTCNWCCNWECOCDEoceanocean economyofofficialsoffshoreoilOlympic GamesOmega ArkOmnicaneoniononlineopinionOppositionorangeoscaroscar pistoriusOUMoutsourcingPakistanpalestinePamplemoussesPanama Paperspandit sungkurParadise PapersparliamentPaul BérengerpensionpensionspeoplePereyberepermis de travailPhilippinesPhoenix Beveragesphonespicture of the daypillspiracyplageplagueplanPlanet Earth InstitutePMPMEPMOpmsdPNQpokerpolicepoliticspollutionPonzi SchemeportPort LouisPort-LouispostPovertyPPPPRPravind JugnauthPRBpresentationpresentation tipspresidentpricepricesprisonproblemprofitprojectprojectsprostitutionprotestspsacPSCpsychologyPTRpublic functionpublic servicepwcQatarQuantum Globalquatre-bornesquotesrainsRajindraparsad SeechurnRakesh GooljauryransomwareratesratingratingsRavi YerrigadooRDAreal estaterecallsreformreformsrefugeesreligionrentrepo ratereportRESRésidence Barklyrestaurantrestaurantsresultresultsresumeresume tipsretailReunionrevenuericeRiche-TerreriseRiviere-du-RempartRiviere-Noireroadsroche-boisRoches-Noires caseRodriguesRogersrose-belleRose-HillrosewoodRoshi BhadainRum and SugarRundheersing BheenickrupeeRussiaRwandasafetySAJsalariessalarysalesalessales tipssamsungsanctionssaudi arabiaSBIsbmSCscamscandalSCBGscholarshipscholarshipsSchoolschoolsscienceseasecuritySEMSEMDEXSenegalSeychellesShakeel MohamedShanghaisharksshootingshoppingshopping fiestashopping mallshopping mallsshowShowkutally SoodhunSICsicomSierra LeonesingaporeSITskillssmall businessSmall Planters Associationsmart citysmartphonesSMeSME MauritiusSMEDASMFsmmsnapchatSobrinho casesocialsocial mediasocial networks & messengersSofitelsoftwaresolar energySomaliasonysouthsouth africaSouth China Seasouth koreasouth sudanspainsponsorshipsportSportsSquatterssri lankaSSRStar KnitwearstartupsstatisticsstatsSTCstockstock marketstocksstrategystreet vendorsStressstrikestudystudy abroadstylesubventionsuccesssuccess storysugarsugar canesummitSun ResortsSun Tan caseSunkai caseSunnystarssupermarketssurveySwanSwedenSwitzerlandsyriaTAtabletsTaiwanTanzaniataxtax fraudtax heaventaxesTbillsteateacherTeachersteamTECtechnologytelecomtendertendersterrorismtertiarytextilethailandthethefttimetime managementtipstototaltourismtoystradetrade feetradingtrainingtrainingstransporttraveltrendsTrioletTripAdvisorTrou-aux-BichestsunamitunaTunisiaTurfTurkeyturkish airlinesTVtwittertyphoonUdMUgandaukukraineununemploymentUNESCOunionsuniverseuniversityuomUSUTMvacanciesvacancyVacoasVacoas Popular Multipurpose Cooperative SocietyVacoas-PhoenixVanilla Islandsvarma caseVATVeekram BhunjunvegetablesVerizonvideoVideo of the Dayvirtual realityvisaVishnu Lutchmeenaraidoovisitvivo energyvolcanowasteWaterWaterparkWeatherwest africawhatsappWhitedot Casewi-fiwikileakswindowsWMAwomenworkwork abroadworkersWorkshopWorldWorld Bankwriting tipsWTOXavier-Luc DuvalyahooYasin DenmamodeyemenYEPYerrigadoogateyoutubeZambiazimbabwe
Mauritius
© 2010-2020 mega.mu